CRUQUIUS, Nicolaas Samuel
(b. 1678, Vlieland, d. 1754, Spaarndam)
Nicolaas Samuel Cruquius (Kruikius), Dutch hydraulic engineer, land surveyor and amateur landscape painter. His original name was Nicolaas Kruik, but, like many well-educated men of his time, he Latinized his name to Nicolaus Samuel Cruquius. He was one of many promoters of a plan to pump the Haarlemmermeer (Haarlem lake) dry.