FALGUIÈRE, Jean Alexandre Joseph
(b. 1831, Toulouse, d. 1900, Paris)
Jean Alexandre Joseph Falguière (in short Alexandre Falguière), French sculptor and painter. He was a student of François Jouffroy in Paris, then spent the period 1860 to 1867 in Rome. He was regarded as the successor to Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, and the first Realist of nineteenth-century French sculpture. His restrained classical, and in most cases female mythological figures - the Dianas, nymphs, and bacchantes - made him extremely popular.
Falguière also created busts (e.g. of Carolus-Duran and Ernest Alexandre Honoré Coquelinand) and monuments (to Cardinal Lavigerie and to General de La Fayette). From the early 1870s he added historical and landscape paintings to his body of work.