KAZAKOV, Matvey Fyodorovich
(b. 1738, Moscow, d. 1812, Ryazan)
Russian architect. He studied in Moscow at the school of architecture run by Dmitry Ukhtomskii (1751-1760). He established practice in Moscow and designed palaces, hospitals, official buildings and churches.
Kazakov was one of the most influential Muscovite architects during the reign of Catherine II, completing numerous private residences, two royal palaces, two hospitals, Moscow University, and the Kremlin Senate. Most of his works were destroyed by the Fire of 1812; they were later rebuilt with various degrees of alteration.