MORANDO, Bernardo
(b. ca. 1540, Padova, d. ca. 1601, Zamosc)


Italian architect, active in Poland. He is notable as the designer of the new town of Zamosc, modelled on Renaissance theories of the 'ideal city'.

On July 1, 1578 he signed an agreement with Jan Zamoyski, one of the wealthiest men of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth for a project of an ideal city and fortress for the founder. Zamoyski's estates functioned as a country within a country, and he decided to found the city of Zamosc in order to circumvent royal tariffs and duties while also serving as the capital for his mini-state.

Until 1586 Morando prepared plans of the new city, as well as supervised the erection of first notable monuments, including the Lublin Gate, arsenal and Zamoyski's palace. Between 1587 and 1594 he supervised the construction of the Town Hall and the collegiate church, one of the most notable examples of classical Renaissance architecture north of the Alps. It was completed by 1598, two years before Morando's death. Aside from the notable projects, throughout his stay in Zamosc Morando also supervised the construction of burgher houses and the notable star-shaped fortifications.