SOLARIO, Andrea
(b. ca. 1460, Milano, d. 1525)

Biography

Renaissance painter (also spelled Solari, original name Andrea del Gobbo) of the Milanese school, one of the most important followers of Leonardo da Vinci.

Solario received his early training from his brother Cristoforo, a distinguished sculptor and architect. He probably accompanied his brother to Venice, where he seems to have been strongly influenced by Antonello da Messina, as can be seen in a fine portrait, A Man with a Pink Carnation (c. 1492; National Gallery, London), which displays Antonello's sculpture-like conception of form. Solario's earliest dated work is a Madonna and Child with Sts Joseph and Jerome (Brera, Milan), with a fine landscape background, executed for the Church of San Pietro Martire at Murano in 1495. The Leonardesque facial type of the Madonna suggests that after his return from Venice Solario was strongly influenced by the great Florentine artist. The colouring and lush atmospheric effects of his well-known Madonna with the Green Cushion (Louvre, Paris) also reveal Leonardo's influence, but its animated composition displays Solari's own artistic temperament.

In 1507 Solario went to France and may have visited Flanders before returning to Italy. This would account for the Flemish character of his later work, such as the Flight into Egypt (1515; Poldi Pezzoli Museum, Milan), with its harmonious and detailed landscape background. To this period belong the Woman Playing a Guitar and the portrait of Chancellor Morone, which vividly recalls the style of Hans Holbein the Younger.