TEYLER, Johannes
(b. 1648, Nijmegen, d. before 1709, Nijmegen)


Dutch etcher, engraver, draughtsman, inventor and professor of philosophy and mathematics. From 1679 he travelled in Italy, Egypt, the Holy Land and Malta, where he drew 'modern' fortifications. After a journey to Berlin in 1683, he probably settled in the province of Holland. The main subjects of his works were flowers, fruit and city views.

Between 1683 and 1688 he developed a method of making colour impressions from a single copperplate, for which the States of Holland granted him a 15-year patent in 1688. Teyler moved his colour-print workshop to Rotterdam, where he published Architectura militaris. It is probably Jan van Call (1689-after 1748), one of Teyler's assistants, who passed on the latter's invention to Pieter Schenck and Gerard Valck, while Mattheus Berckenboom (1667-c. 1722), possibly an assistant in Rotterdam, made colour impressions in Nijmegen between c. 1700 and 1722. In 1698 Teyler's copperplates were auctioned in Rotterdam. It is difficult to distinguish Teyler's hand from that of his assistants in the 300-350 or so colour prints that have come down from his workshop.