TROYON, Constant
(b. 1810, Sèvres, d. 1865, Paris)


French painter. After training to become a porcelain painter at Sèvres, Troyon became interested in 17th century Dutch landscape painting, particularly the work of Jacob van Ruisdael, Paulus Potter, and Aelbert Cuyp, and subsequently became a member of the Barbizon School. After becoming Chevalier de le Légion d'honneur in 1849, his work shifted from landscapes to the painting of animals, often with labourers. His later landscapes of Normandy were an influence on the Impressionists. All his important pictures are of date between 1850 and 1864.