BERNINI, Gian Lorenzo
(b. 1598, Napoli, d. 1680, Roma)
Vatican Palace, Rome
The Scala Regia is a flight of steps in the Vatican City and is part of the formal entrance to the Vatican. It was built by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger in the early 16th century, to connect the Apostolic Palace to St. Peter's Basilica, and restored by Gian Lorenzo Bernini from 1663 to 1666.
Local site conditions such as converging walls or immovable foundations made it very difficult to provide a homogenous design for the Scala Regia. It is all the more impressive that Bernini managed to transform these obstacles and to provide a perspective for the visitor.
View the ground plan and cross section of the Scala Regia in the Vatican Palace.