BRUEGEL, Pieter the Elder
(b. ca. 1525, Brogel, d. 1569, Brussel)

Death of the Virgin

c. 1564
Oil on panel, 36 x 55 cm
Upton House, Banbury

This grisaille panel was painted about 1564 (the traces of the date alongside the signature are illegible) for Abraham Ortelius, the great Antwerp geographer, who was a close friend of Bruegel.

Bruegel's interpretation of the scene is unusual in the exceptionally large numbers of the just who crowd around the Virgin's deathbed. The literary source for this is Jacobus de Voragine's Golden Legend, which tells of numerous holy persons being present when Mary was reunited with her son.

John the disciple, sleeping next to the fireplace on the left of the picture, is dreaming that the apostles and other saints have assembled around the bed of the dying Virgin. Bruegel is employing seemingly supernatural lighting effects here, such as would later be typical of Rembrandt's work.