CAMERON, Charles
(b. 1745, London, d. 1812, St. Petersburg)

Exterior view

1782-86
Photo
Palace, Pavlovsk

For the suburban royal residence of Pavlovsk, Cameron was able to work free of restraint. The self-contained ensemble of palace and landscaped park - with its pavilions, cascades, artificial ruins, avenues and river - harmoniously combined the principles of Neoclassical architecture with an English-style Romantic park (reconstructed after World War II). This summer residence was built for the future Tsar, Paul I.

Palladian architecture clearly supplied the pattern for the palace. The façade on the courtyard side with its Corinthian portico is crowned by a dome set atop a drum ringed with columns. The central section is adjoined by two curved and columned galleries, each of which terminates in wings. Cameron was involved in the interior design, but most of the work was done by his Italian pupil, Vincenzo Brenna.

The design for the park is the first example of an English landscape garden in Russia. Like the palace itself, the many buildings that Cameron placed throughout the park merge smoothly into the natural environment, for instance, the Temple of Friendship (1780-82), which is situated beside the River Slavyanka.

The photo shows the façade of the court of honour.