COLLOT, Marie-Anne
(b. 1748, Paris, d. 1821, Nancy)

Voltaire

1770s
Marble, height 49 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

François-Marie Arouet, known by his nom de plume Voltaire (1694-1778), was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his criticism of Christianity, especially the Roman Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and separation of church and state.