(b. 1548, Cambrai, d. 1615, Paris)

Ferdinando I de' Medici

Cathedral Square, Arezzo

Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1549-1609) was Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1587 to 1609, having succeeded his older brother Francesco I. Ferdinando was the fifth son of Cosimo I de' Medici and Eleonora di Toledo.

Ferdinando acquired many works of art in Rome which he then brought back to Florence with him. During his reign, Tuscany revived and regained the independence his brother had given up.