PANKIEWICZ, Józef
(b. 1866, Lublin, d. 1940, Marseille)

The Old City Market, Warsaw, at Night

1892
Oil on canvas, 61 x 46 cm
Muzeum Narodowe, Poznan

In 1889, W³adys³aw Podkowiñski and Józef Pankiewicz of the Warsaw College of Art visited Paris for the World Fair. There they encountered Impressionism, and, through Theo van Gogh, the paintings of Cézanne. The exposition of their own work in Warsaw in 1890 signaled the beginning of Impressionism there.

Pankiewicz combined Impressionist and various Post-Impressionist approaches. In the 1890s he brought an equal intensity to sunlight and nighttime scenes with the light of city streetlamps.