PIERO DELLA FRANCESCA
(b. 1416, Borgo San Sepolcro, d. 1492, Borgo San Sepolcro)
Polyptych of the Misericordia: Crucifixion1445-62
Oil and tempera on panel, 81 x 52 cm
Pinacoteca Comunale, Sansepolcro
This panel is the central part of the tympanum of the polyptych. It represents the Crucifixion which reveals the influence of Masaccio's polyptych for San Francesco in Pisa. But Masaccio created a dramatic atmosphere both with the moving gestures of the characters and with the strong, almost violent, colours; Piero's composition, on the other hand, is orderly and symmetric and the gestures of the figures are solemn, almost ritualistic.