ROELAS, Juan de las
(b. ca. 1570, Flanders, d. 1625, Olivares)
St Andrew Preachingc. 1610
Oil on oak panel, 50 x 149 cm
Museo de Bellas Artes, Bilbao
The two panels from the chapel of the Flemish in the no longer existent College of St Thomas Aquinas in Seville, Calling of St Peter and St Andrew, and St Andrew Preaching, belonged to the altarpiece dedicated to St Andrew. The main theme of the ensemble was the work Martyrdom of St Andrew, and it also included a Baby Jesus in the tabernacle, both of which are now kept at the Fine Arts Museum in Seville.
This interest in the real world makes Juan de Roelas, a painter of Flemish descent, an accomplished master of early Naturalism. The gamut of human types listening to the explanations given by Christ's disciple in St Andrew Preaching, the leaves and foliage surrounding the scene and the late Gothic architectural forms rooted in Flemish art which Roelas took from the common repertoire of religious prints, are the main features of this composition.