MEDIEVAL SCULPTOR, French
(active 1150-1200 at Saint-Gilles)

Tympanum

1150-1200
Stone
Abbey Church of Saint-Gilles, Saint-Gilles-du-Gard

The picture shows the tympanum of the right portal of the west façade of the church. It represents the Crucifixion. The carved lintel below shows the three Marys peering into the empty sarcophagus, and the angel to the right, who announces Christ's resurrection.

The semicircular sculptural relief set in the arch above the doorway, known as tympanum, was one of the most important formal innovations of the Romanesque period.