MINIATURIST, French
(active around 845 in Tours)

Vivian Bible

c. 845
Manuscript (Ms. lat. 1)
Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris

The picture shows a detail of folio 327v representing an elephant.

Medieval artists knew about ivory but not many had seen elephants. This elephant, in the First Bible of Charles the Bald. must be based on a description rather than on first hand experience. The tusks figure clearly, for ivory was a precious commodity.