ARCHITECT, German
(active 1025-1045 in Cologne)

View from the east

1040-49
Photo
St. Maria im Kapitol, Cologne

The Rhineland became one of the most important centres for innovation in architecture in the eleventh century. In particular, the old bishop's seat of Cologne developed into a significant centre of architectural creation with St. Maria im Kapitol as one of the artistic highpoints. The construction of this church stands at the beginning of what became known as the Rhenish School of Architecture.

A striking feature of this church is the so-called triapsal choir which is attached to a nave and two aisles. There is not only an apse at the eastern end, but the semi-circular apse is also repeated in the south and north instead of transepts.

View the ground plan of St. Maria im Kapitol, Cologne.