Panel paintings
by Domenico GHIRLANDAIO

Numerous works on wood complete the career of Ghirlandaio, who was known above all as a fresco painter. They are works which again emphasize his abilities as a colourist, the harmonious pleasantness of his composition, and his faithfulness to certain models of his time and his school.

Ghirlandaio's greatest achievement was the decoration of mainly private chapels with monumental frescoes. That was what he was famous for and why he was in demand. But the furnishings of a chapel also included an altarpiece, and normally this would consist of an altar painting. The altarpieces normally found in Gothic art, consisting of several individual panels, with images painted on a gold background, had largely disappeared by Ghirlandaio's time. A new type of altarpiece had become common: the square panel. Though many of Ghirlandaio's motifs were influenced by Flemish panel paintings, he did not adopt their new technique of painting with oils, but continued to work predominantly with tempera throughout his life. The commission for the Sassetti Chapel in Santa Trinitŕ included a panel painting for the altar of the chapel, while that for the Tornabuoni Chapel a panel painting for the main altar in the church of Santa Maria Novella - the Pala Tornabuoni - and its rear panel facing the apsidal chapel. The altarpiece with the Adoration of the Shepherds from above the altar in the Sassetti Chapel can still be worshipped in its original location, but the ensemble in the Tornabuoni Chapel was dismembered in 1816. The main altar painting is now in Munich, while the rear panel, the Resurrection of Christ is now in Berlin. Another important panel painting, the Adoration of the Magi in the Spedale degli Innocenti, Florence is displayed on separate pages this Gallery.

Preview Picture Data Info
Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints
c. 1479
Tempera on wood, 170 x 160 cm
Duomo San Martino, Lucca


Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints (detail)
c. 1483
Tempera on wood
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence


Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints
c. 1483
Tempera on wood, 191 x 200 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence


St John the Evangelist on the Island of Patmos
1480-85
Tempera on panel, diameter 76 cm
Szépművészeti Múzeum, Budapest


St John the Evangelist on the Island of Patmos (detail)
1480-85
Tempera on panel
Szépművészeti Múzeum, Budapest


Coronation of the Virgin
1486
Tempera on wood, 330 x 230 cm
Palazzo Comunale, Narni


Coronation of the Virgin
1486
Tempera on wood
Pinacoteca Comunale, Città di Castello


Madonna and Child Enthroned between Angels and Saints
c. 1486
Tempera on wood,168 x 197 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence


Madonna and Child Enthroned between Angels and Saints (detail)
c. 1486
Tempera on wood
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence


Adoration of the Magi
1487
Tempera on wood, diameter: 171 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence


Portrait of Giovanna Tornabuoni
1488
Tempera on wood, 76 x 50 cm
Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid


Portrait of a Young Woman
-
Tempera on wood, 44 x 32 cm
Museu Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisbon


An Old Man and His Grandson
c. 1490
Tempera on wood, 62 x 46 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris


Visitation
c. 1491
Tempera on wood, 172 x 165 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris


Christ in Heaven with Four Saints and a Donor
c 1492
Tempera on wood, 308 x 199 cm
Pinacoteca Comunale, Volterra


The Nativity
c. 1492
Tempera on wood, 45 x 42 cm
Pinacoteca, Vatican


Madonna in Glory with Saints
1490-96
Tempera on wood, 221 x 198 cm
Alte Pinakothek, Munich


St Catherine of Siena and St Lawrence
1490-98
Tempera on wood
Alte Pinakothek, Munich


St Stephen
1490-94
Tempera on wood, 191 x 56 cm
Szépművészeti Múzeum, Budapest


St Stephen (detail)
1490-94
Tempera on wood, 191 x 56 cm (full painting)
Szépművészeti Múzeum, Budapest


Adoration of the Child
-
Tempera on wood, diameter 90 cm
Pinacoteca Ambrosiana, Milan


Annunciation
1489-90
Mosaic
Porta della Mandorla, Duomo, Florence


Francesco Sassetti and His Son Teodoro II
c. 1490
Tempera on wood, 76 x 53 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Nativity
c. 1492
Tempera on panel, 85 x 63 cm
Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge



Summary of works by Ghirlandaio
1. Early works (1471-73)
2. Stories of St Fina at San Gimignano (1473-75)
3. Frescoes in Florence and Rome (1480-84)
4. Last Supper scenes
5. Decoration of the Sassetti Chapel (1482-85)
6. Frescoes in the Tornabuoni Chapel (1486-89)
7. Panel paintings
8. Adoration of the Magi (1488)
9. Drawings



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