Mosaics in Santa Costanza, Rome (4th century)

Santa Costanza is a 4th-century church in Rome on the Via Nomentana. It is a round building with well preserved original layout and mosaics. The building survives in its original form with an ambulatory surrounding a central dome. The mosaics decorating the vault of the ambulatory and the apses of the chapels off the ambulatory are important examples of Early Christian art. The mosaic decoration in the dome no longer survives.

The late 4th-century mosaics in the apses of the chapels off the ambulatory represent the Christian subject of "Traditio Legis" (Christ giving the Law to St Paul) and "Traditio Clavium" (Christ giving the keys to St Peter. The motifs of the decoration on the vault of the ambulatory are similar to those in Late Roman profane mosaics.

Preview Picture Data Info
View of the ambulatory
354-60
Photo
Santa Costanza, Rome


Traditio Legis
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome


Traditio Legis (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome


Traditio Clavium
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome


Traditio Clavium
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome


Traditio Clavium
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome


Mosaic decoration
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome


Traditio Clavium (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome


Vault decoration (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome


Vault decoration (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome


Vault decoration (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome


Vault decoration (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome


Vault decoration (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome


Vault decoration (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome


Vault decoration (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome


Vault decoration (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome



Early Christian Mosaics
Early Christian Mosaics (all)
Mosaics in Rome
Santa Costanza | Santa Pudenziana | Santa Maria Maggiore
Santi Cosma e Damiano | Other churches
Mosaics in Ravenna
Galla Placidia | Orthodox and Arian Baptisteries | San Vitale
Sant'Apollinare in Classe | Sant'Apollinare Nuovo
Mosaics in other places



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