(b. 1839, Den Haag, d. 1917, London)
Dutch painter, part of a family of painters, brother of Jacobus Maris. In 1851 he was apprenticed for one year to Isaac Elink Sterk (1808-1871); from 1852 to 1855 he attended classes at the Academie in The Hague, and in 1854 he joined the studio of Louis Meijer (1809-1866), where his brother Jacobus was also working. It was due to Meijer that in 1855 he was granted a monthly allowance by Queen Sophie to continue his training in Antwerp, where he moved in with Jacobus. Through his studies at the Academie, Matthijs met the German painter Georg Laves (1789-1864), who introduced him to the work of the 19th-century German Romantic painters, in particular Ludwig Richter.
In 1859 he returned to The Hague. Next year he traveled up the Rhine as far as the Black Forest. He met Moritz von Schwind and Wilhelm von Kaulbach and was impressed by their Romantic style. In 1867-73 he lived in Paris and in 1877 settled in London. Influenced by the English Pre-Raphaelites, he moved away from the styles of the Hague School.