OCAMPO, Andrés de
(b. ca. 1550, Villacarrillo, Jaén, d. 1623, Sevilla)

Biography

Spanish sculptor. He moved at an early age to Seville where he was apprenticed to Jerónimo Hernández Estrada (1541-1586), who left Ocampo his library and tools when he died. In 1575 Ocampo became a master sculptor after passing the guild examination; a year later he married Catalina Ponce, the daughter of the architect Hernán Ruiz. Among his many apprentices were his nephew, Francisco de Ocampo (d. 1639), and Alonso de Mena y Escalante of Granada.

Ocampo was a leading exponent of Roman Mannerism, and he was influenced by the theories of Sebastiano Serlio and Andrea Palladio in the structure of his altarpieces. His human figures show power and monumentality, tendencies inspired by Michelangelo. Even though Ocampo was Andalusian, his workshop provided sculpture for patrons throughout Spain, including members of the royal family.