Decoration of the Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence (1706-07)
by Sebastiano RICCI

The imposing palace was constructed by Gherardo Silvani for the Castelli, a wealthy merchant family. It was one of the most elegant structures erected by a private citizen in Florence in the seventeenth century. In 1658 the palace passed to the Marucelli, another family of merchants and landowners. The new residence became the setting for the social and political rise of this family until it died out in 1783. In 1829 the palace came into the possession of the influential Fenzi banking family. Since 1971it has belonged to the University of Florence.

After 1700 there had been major architectural changes in the palace, and the changed interiors were decorated by sculpture and painting. The Sala d'Ercole on the north side of the courtyard on the ground floor, and two other rooms on the south side were frescoed by Sebastiano Ricci. He was probably commissioned by Giovanni Filippo Marucelli (1689-1772). This commission required Ricci to work in the medium of oil painting as well as fresco, and two other rooms contains oil paintings on the ceiling.

The largest room on the ground floor is the Sala d'Ercole, a hall with two window bays. It has three entrances and presents an elaborate painted decoration extending across all four walls and the entire ceiling. The pictorial program contains the Labours and Apotheosis of Hercules. Two adjacent rooms have oil paintings with Amor punito and Amor virtutis, respectively.

In the first room on the south side of the courtyard the ceiling fresco presents the Triumph of Pax and Abundatia over Mars. The ceiling of the adjacent room is devoted to Youth between Virtue and Vice.

Preview Picture Data File Info Comment
General view of the Sala d'Ercole
1706-07
Fresco
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

1500*901
True Color
204 Kb



Hercules and Cacus
1706-07
Fresco
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

1041*1300
True Color
211 Kb



Hercules at the Crossroads
1706-07
Fresco
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

1070*1300
True Color
228 Kb



Hercules and Nessus
1706-07
Fresco
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

1020*1400
True Color
232 Kb



Hercules and Antaeus
1706-07
Fresco
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

600*1511
True Color
117 Kb



Personification of Agricultura
1706-07
Fresco
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

671*1500
True Color
121 Kb



Apotheosis of Hercules
1706-07
Fresco
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

1500*966
True Color
209 Kb



Cardinal Virtue
1706-07
Fresco
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

1000*1059
True Color
145 Kb



Cardinal Virtue
1706-07
Fresco
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

1000*1134
True Color
137 Kb



Cardinal Virtue
1706-07
Fresco
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

1000*1065
True Color
153 Kb



Cardinal Virtue
1706-07
Fresco
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

1000*1125
True Color
174 Kb



Mercury
1706-07
Fresco
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

1500*929
True Color
166 Kb



Triumph of Pax and Abundatia over Mars
1706-07
Fresco
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

1016*1300
True Color
215 Kb



Youth between Virtue and Vice
1706-07
Fresco
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

1200*1042
True Color
215 Kb



The Magnanimity of Scipio
1706-07
Oil on canvas, 195 x 265 cm
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

1300*900
True Color
149 Kb



Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus Called from the Plow to the Dictatorship
1706-07
Oil on canvas, 195 x 265 cm
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

1254*900
True Color
158 Kb



The Punishment of Amor by Anteros
1706-07
Oil on canvas
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

1100*1105
True Color
207 Kb



Amor Virtutis Casts Ignorantia down into Orcus
1706-07
Oil on canvas
Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi, Florence

800*1404
True Color
178 Kb




Paintings by Sebastiano RICCI
Oil paintings (1) | Oil paintings (2)
Decoration of the Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi
Other frescoes