Representations of Venus and Lucretia
by Lucas CRANACH the Elder

Venus with Cupid the Honey Thief was painted at least in fifteen versions by Cranach. Although Dürer was also aware of the subject, its circulation in the form of a panel painting became a speciality of the Cranach workshop.

In a few cases Cranach featured Venus as a single figure. The small painting in Frankfurt is perhaps the most exquisite of Cranach's depictions of Venus, it inspired many artists even in the twentieth century.

Of all secular subjects he treated, Cranach painted the suicide of Lucretia the most frequently, in almost 40 versions. At first he showed her only rarely as a pure nude, either half- or full-length, usually, as the daughter of a Roman nobleman, she appeared in a magnificent costume. However, after about twenty years, he increasingly favoured the nude version.

Preview Picture Data Info
Venus and Cupid
1509
Oil on canvas transferred from wood, 213 x 102 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg


Venus and Cupid
c. 1520
Wood
University Art Museum, Princeton


Venus and Cupid
1525
Oil on panel, 39 x 26 cm
Private collection


Venus and Cupid
1525-27
Oil on beech panel, diameter 12 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Cupid Complaining to Venus
1526-27
Oil on wood, 81 x 55 cm
National Gallery, London


Venus with Cupid Stealing Honey
1529
Oil and tempera on red beechwood, 39 x 25 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Venus with Cupid Stealing Honey
1530
Oil on panel, 58 x 38 cm
Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen


Venus Standing in a Landscape
1529
Oil on wood, 38 x 25 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris


Venus Standing in a Landscape (detail)
1529
Oil on wood
Musée du Louvre, Paris


Venus Standing in a Landscape (detail)
1529
Oil on wood
Musée du Louvre, Paris


Venus and Cupid
c. 1530
Linden panel, 167 x 62 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin


Venus and Cupid
1531
Oil on canvas, 176 x 80 cm
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels


Venus and Cupid with a Honeycomb
c. 1531
Oil and tempera on red beechwood, 169 x 67 cm
Galleria Borghese, Rome


Venus
1532
Oil and tempera on red beechwood, 38 x 25 cm
Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt


Venus (detail)
1532
Oil and tempera on red beechwood
Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt


Venus
1531
Oil on panel, 39 x 25 cm
Liechtenstein Museum, Vienna


Lucretia
1525-30
Oil and tempera on limewood, 42 x 28 cm
Staatliche Museen, Kassel


Lucretia
1510-13
Oil on limewood panel, 60 x 47 cm
Private collection


Lucretia
c. 1524
Lime panel
Alte Pinakothek, Munich


Lucretia
1532
Oil and tempera on red beechwood, 38 x 25 cm
Akademie der bildenden Künste, Vienna


Lucretia
1533
Red beechwood panel, 37 x 24 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin



Summary of works by Lucas Cranach the Elder
Paintings
altar retables | representations of the Virgin | St Jerome
religious themes until 1515 | from 1516
biblical scenes | biblical nudes
mythological nudes | Venus and Lucretia | allegorical scenes
portraits until 1515 | 1516-1526 | from 1527
miscellaneous paintings
Graphics
drawings | woodcuts



© Web Gallery of Art, created by Emil Krén and Daniel Marx.