Portraits (from 1527)
by Lucas CRANACH the Elder

The Reformation provided Cranach with a new subject area. Cranach offered himself as a pictorial propagandist for the new cause. In 1520 he executed the portrait - first an engraving - of Martin Luther, whose image from then on was shaped and reshaped by Cranach's creations. Painted portraits of Luther were produced by the hundreds in the Cranach workshop. From 1525 Luther's portrait was mainly produced in the form of a pair with a pendant depicting either his wife Katharina von Bora or Philipp Melanchton.

Preview Picture Data Info
Portraits of Hans Luther and Margaretha Luther
1527
Oil and tempera on red beechwood, 38 x 25 cm (each)
Wartburg-Stiftung, Eisenach


Portrait of Hans Luther (detail)
1527
Oil and tempera on red beechwood
Wartburg-Stiftung, Eisenach


Portrait of Margaretha Luther (detail)
1527
Oil and tempera on red beechwood
Wartburg-Stiftung, Eisenach


Portrait of Frederick the Wise in Old Age
1527
Oil and tempera on red beechwood, 40 x 23 cm
Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt


Portrait of a Bearded Man
1527
Oil and tempera on red beechwood, 28 x 35 cm
Museum zu Allerheiligen, Schaffhausen


Portrait Diptych of Martin Luther and his Wife Katharina von Bora
1529
Oil and tempera on red beechwood, 38 x 24 cm (each)
Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt


Portraits of Martin Luther and Catherine Bore
1529
Oil on wood, 37 x 23 cm (each)
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence


Diptych with the Portraits of Luther and his Wife
-
Oil on wood, 38 x 24 cm
Museo Poldi Pezzoli, Milan


Martin Luther
c. 1532
Oil on beech panel, 33 x 23 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Portrait of Dr. Johannes Scheyring
1529
Panel
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels


Portrait of a Young Woman
c. 1530
Oil on wood, 42 x 29 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence


Portrait of a Young Woman
1525-35
Oil on limewood panel, 37 x 25 cm
Private collection


Portrait of Princess Maria of Saxony
1534
Oil and tempera on red beechwood, 51 x 36 cm
Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt


Johannes Carion
c. 1530
Beech panel, 52 x 37 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin


Portrait of a Man with a Gold Embroidered Cap
1532
Oil and gold on beech panel, 51 x 36 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Portrait of a Man with a Gold Embroidered Cap (detail)
1532
Oil and gold on beech panel
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Portrait of Charles V
1533
Oil on panel, 51 x 36 cm
Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid


Portraits of Johann I and Frederick III the Wise, Electors of Saxony
1533
Oil on wood, 20 x 15 cm (each)
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence


Portrait of Elector Friedrich III the Wise of Saxony
after 1532
Oil on panel, 80 x 49 cm
Liechtenstein Museum, Vienna


Portrait of Elector Frederick the Wise
1530s
Oil on panel, 13 x 15 cm
Private collection


Portrait of Elector John the Steadfast
1530s
Oil on panel, 13 x 15 cm
Private collection


Friedrich III, the Wise, and Johann I, the Constant, Electors of Saxony
1533
Oil on beech panel with letterpress-printed paper label, 21 x 15 cm (each)
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Friedrich III, the Wise, Elector of Saxony
1533
Oil on beech panel with letterpress-printed paper label, 21 x 15 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Johann I, the Constant, Elector of Saxony
1533
Oil on beech panel with letterpress-printed paper label, 21 x 15 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Johann I, the Constant, Elector of Saxony
1532-33
Oil on canvas transferred from wood, with letterpress-printed paper label, 21 x 15 cm (each)
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Georg the Bearded, Duke of Saxony
1534-35
Oil on beech panel, 64 x 43 cm
Museum der Bildenden Künste, Leipzig


Johann, Duke of Saxony
1534-37
Oil on beech panel, 65 x 44 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Saxon Princesses Sibylla, Emilia and Sidonia
c. 1535
Oil on limewood, 62 x 89 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna


Portrait of Erasmus of Rotterdam
1530-36
Oil on beech wood, 19 x 15 cm
Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam


Portrait of a Young Girl
c. 1540
Oil on wood, 39 x 25 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris


Portrait of Martin Luther
1543
Panel
Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg


Portraits of Martin Luther and Philipp Melanchthon
1543
Oil on wood, 21 x 16 cm (each)
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence



Summary of works by Lucas Cranach the Elder
Paintings
altar retables | representations of the Virgin | St Jerome
religious themes until 1515 | from 1516
biblical scenes | biblical nudes
mythological nudes | Venus and Lucretia | allegorical scenes
portraits until 1515 | 1516-1526 | from 1527
miscellaneous paintings
Graphics
drawings | woodcuts



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